The moat at Vaux may also have been inspired by the previous chateau on the site, which Le Vau's work replaced. The enormous, double-height Grand Salon that substantially protrudes from the corps de logis clearly dominates the southern elevation. Fouquet, Louis XIV’s finance minister, commissioned an impressive trio of artists to build the chateau of his dreams. Vaux le Vicomte was the setting for one of the most impressive parties in the 17 th century in which 3000 guests were entertained. From the top of the grand staircase, this gives the impression that the entire garden is revealed in one single glance. , Vaux-le-Vicomte was originally planned to be constructed in brick and stone, but after the mid-century, as the middle classes began to imitate this style, aristocratic circles began using stone exclusively. The use of a central oval salon is an innovation adopted by Le Vau from Italy. The Château de Vaux-le-Vicomte (English: Palace of Vaux-le-Vicomte) is a Baroque French château located in Maincy, near Melun, 55 kilometres (34 mi) southeast of Paris in the Seine-et-Marne department of Île-de-France.  For example, the property was used as the California home of the main villain Hugo Drax (played by Michael Lonsdale) in the 1979 James Bond film Moonraker. He entrusted this task to the. Download your Vaux-le-Vicomte Pocket Guide here The Château de Vaux-le-Vicomte is the perfect place to go for a day trip outside the city.. The rooms in the eastern half of the house were intended for the use of the king, those in the western were for Fouquet. The exquisite interior decoration was supervised by the painter Charles Le Brun. Such steep roofs were inherited from medieval times and, like brick, were rapidly going out of fashion.  The château was empty, some of the outbuildings had fallen into ruin and the gardens were completely overgrown. France may have travel restrictions in place, including self-quarantine, due to COVID-19. Vaux-le-Vicomte Castle. In Le Vau's architectural biography there isn't much talk on the Chateau de Vaux-le-Vicomte, instead he … In Episode One of Sotheby’s original series, Treasures from Vaux-le-Vicomte Presented by Hennessy Paradis Impérial, meet Alexandre de Vogüé. The salon is covered by a huge slate dome surmounted with an imposing lantern and is fronted with a two-storey portico that is almost identical to one at the Hôtel Tambonneau. Ludwig XIV. , The second most expensive wedding was held at the palace in 2004. The perspective effects are not readily apparent in photographs, either, making viewing the gardens in person the only way of truly experiencing them. 1653 bis 1670 war er Hofarchitekt mit dem Titel Premier architecte du Roi . He placed the canal at the lowest part of the complex, thus hiding it from the main perspectival point of view. May 24, 2014 - France > Maincy > Château de Vaux le Vicomte / Fun fact: Maincy is also where that famous castle is located. He entrusted this task to the same architects who later built the famous Palace of Versailles. All of these elements are further emphasized with steep pyramidal caps. Oktober 1670 in Paris) war ein französischer Baumeister , der in Paris lebte und unter anderem für König Ludwig XIV. Discover two of the most beautiful and historically interesting Chateaux in the Paris region on this small group day trip . While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. ", The garden front of the main chateau is considered more successful. msn back to msn home lifestyle powered by Microsoft News web search Skip to Navigation Skip to … Reasons To Visit Vaux le Vicomte Castle. According to a report in India Today,"over 35 craftsmen were flown in from Mumbai to erect a mandap on a pond in the sprawling gardens of the estate. However, when one walks towards the grottos, the relationship between the pool and the grottos appears awry. Up to the middle of the 17th century, corridors were essentially unknown.  Ayers does concede however that, "although rather ungainly, the entrance facade at Vaux is nonetheless picturesque, in spite, or perhaps because, of its idiosyncrasies. Many of the works of art from Vaux-le-Vicomte were transferred into the king’s collections. From a certain designed viewing point, the distortion designed into the landscape elements produces a particular forced perspective and the eye perceives the elements to be closer than they actually are.  The celebration had been too impressive and the superintendent's home too luxurious. The castle is located about fifty kilometers south of Paris, in the region of Ile-de-France. ", The entrance front of the main chateau is characteristically French, with the two lateral pavilions flanking a central avant-corps, again reminiscent of Mansart's work at Maisons. The king himself shared and encouraged the art of Le Brun, especially after the triumphal celebrations of 1660 and the completion of the interiors of Vaux-Le-Vicomte in 1661. , The Château de Vaux-le-Vicomte is the setting of Victoria Secret's first short film Victoria’s Secret Holiday 2016: A Very Private Affair.  Moreover, as David Hanser points out, Le Vau's elevation violates several rules of pure classical architecture. For royal building projects, including Versailles, the king took into service Le Vau, Le Brun, and Le Nôtre and the team of artists, craftsmen, and gardeners they had assembled at Vaux-le-Vicomte.  "We have a ten-year plan, detailing what to do and when; a plan that includes a project of infrastructure restoration, restoration of the garden, and smaller projects; all with anticipated costs next to it. The castle of Vaux-le-Vicomte. The sun had just set, wisps of light still lingering, and thousands of candles were shimmering all around the castle, in its windows, along the paths, and the length of the garden. With 11.7 million inhabitants, it makes up 18.3% of the country's population. Le Nôtre used the natural terrain to his advantage. Le Nôtre created a magnificent scene to be viewed from the house, using the laws of perspective. Discover two of the most beautiful and historically interesting Chateaux in the Paris region on this small group day trip. The story of this magnificent castle of Vaux-le-Vicomte is forever tied to the life of a man who was too rich, too smart, but also too self-confident. Once the canal and grottos have been passed, the large sloping lawn is reached and the garden is viewed from the initial viewpoint's vanishing point, thus completing the circuit as intended by Le Nôtre. Chateau de Vaux-le-Vicomte: Interesting history and beautiful Chateau - See 4,431 traveller reviews, 3,295 candid photos, and great deals for Maincy, France, at Tripadvisor. , The chateau is situated near the northern end of a 1.5-km long north–south axis with the entrance front facing north. It is sometimes mistakenly reported that the château was the scene of a murder in 1847, when Charles de Choiseul-Praslin killed his wife in her bedroom, but he did so not at Vaux-le-Vicomte but at his Paris residence.. In 1660, the King of France Louis XIV was invited by the country’s Minister of Finance, Nicolas Fouquet, to visit his newly built mansion, known as Chateau Vaux-le-Vicomte. This year the Château Vaux-le-Vicomte, just south of Paris, is celebrating it's 50th year being open to the public. The most apparent change in this manner is of the reflecting pools. Another feature of the plan, the four pavilions, one at each corner of the building, is more conventional. My experience at Vaux le Vicomte Castle While almost every visitor to France has heard of Versailles, Loire Valley, or even Fontainebleau, I feel like almost no one knows Vaux le Vicomte. He will share with you hidden stories and personal insights, as well as facts and figures about works of art and the garden. Discover two of the most beautiful and historically interesting Chateaux in the Paris region on this small group day trip. Vaux-le-Vicomte’s garden is the seminal expression of the Jardin à la française, the French aesthetic of formal gardens that swept Europe in the 17th century. In Fouquet's time, interested parties could cross the canal in a boat, but walking around the canal provides a view of the woods that mark what is no longer the garden and shows the distortion of the grottos previously seen as sculptural. This accounts for the lack of a grand staircase or a gallery, standard elements of most contemporary chateaux. Ludwig XIV. Château de Vaux-le-Vicomte, the mansion of Nicolas Fouquet Fouquet's artistic and cultivated personality subsequently brought out the best in the three. The moat is a picturesque holdover from medieval fortified residences, and is again a feature that Le Vau may have borrowed from Maisons. The displaced villagers were then employed in the upkeep and maintenance of the gardens. It was built for the Viscount of Melun, Nicolas Fouquet in 1658, who also It is definitely worth it both for the history/anecdotes and the fact that it is an architectural gem of the Classical period but you don't get the full experience of a château and town. Vaux-le-Vicomte is a magnificent chateau approximately 60 km south of Paris. According to Allen Weiss, in Mirrors of Infinity, this optical effect is a result of the use of the tenth theorem of Euclid's Optics, which asserts that "the most distant parts of planes situated below the eye appear to be the most elevated". Since the loggia divided the building into two-halves, there are two symmetrical staircases on either side of it, rather than a single staircase. Architect Louis Le Vau, landscape architect Andre Le Notre, and decorator Charles Le Brun worked together for the first time to create this expansive estate, considered a masterpiece of French Baroque residential architecture. From prices and availability to skip-the-line options and mobile tickets, get all the information you need to make the most of your trip to They are narrower at the closest point to the viewer (standing at the rear of the château) than at their farthest point; this makes them appear closer to the viewer. It was said to have employed 18 thousand workers and cost as much as 16 million livres. Chateau de Vaux-le-Vicomte: Interesting chateau - See 4,435 traveler reviews, 3,332 candid photos, and great deals for Maincy, France, at Tripadvisor. The chateau is one of the settings of Alexandre Dumas' novel The Vicomte of Bragelonne: Ten Years Later. Its construction was ordered by Nicolas Fouchet, a powerful official of Louis XIV. He then sent the team of artists (Le Vau, Le Nôtre and Le Brun) to design what would be a much larger project than Vaux-le-Vicomte, the palace and gardens of Versailles. Vaux le Vicomte, the largest privately owned chateau in France, is classed as historical monument. Vaux-le-Vicomte Castle. In 1764, the Marshal's son sold the estate to the Duke of Praslin, whose descendants maintained the property for over a century. Fouquet was arrested on charges of misappropriation of public funds and the castle was seized by the envious king. Double-thick corps de logis had already been used in hôtels particuliers in Paris, including Le Vau's Hôtel Tambonneau, but Vaux was the first chateau to incorporate this change. When Sommier died in 1908, the château and the gardens had recovered their original appearance. Its construction was ordered by Nicolas Fouchet, a powerful official of Louis XIV. The fine 17th-century château of Vaux-le-Vicomte stands 4 miles (6 km) northeast of the town. Kylie Minogue was paid $330,000 to sing at the wedding and the ceremony was followed by fireworks launched from the Eiffel Tower. Introduction Île-de-France (literally 'Isle of France') is the name given to the Greater Paris region. In more modern residences, like Vaux, it had become the custom to put these facilities in the basement, so these structures were no longer needed. Since 1967, the owner has been Patrice de Vogüé, Alfred Sommier's great-grandson, who received it as a wedding present, with his wife Cristina, the Count and Countess de Vogüé. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Now if that makes any difference for you, Chantilly and Fontainebleau are also interesting, pleasant towns whereas Vaux-le-Vicomte is in the middle of nowhere, so you really go just for the château. In addition, the château appeared in several episodes of The Revolution, which is a documentary television series about the American Revolutionary War that was broadcast by History Channel in 2006. The château, finished in 1661, is considered to be one of the masterpieces of French Baroque residential architecture. FRANCE 24's Eve Jackson reports from Vaux-le-Vicomte Château. Somewhat surprisingly the interior plan is also nearly completely symmetrical with few differences between the eastern and western halves. After rising to power and elevating status as the King’s Royal Superintendent of Finances, Fouquet hired the best architects to design his residence. His descendants continue to preserve the château, which remains privately owned. The garden's pronounced visual axis is an example of this style.. Built between the years of 1656 and 1661, it is a fine example of French classicism. Their collaboration marked the beginning of the "Louis XIV style" combining architecture, interior design and landscape design. Oeuvre fondatrice du jardin à la française, il est est un modèle d'harmonie entre architecture et paysage. It was to be the crown jewel of his ambition. This effect is more distinctive today, as the woodlands are more mature, than it was in the seventeenth century when the site had been farmland, and the plantations were new. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Even more unusual, the main rooms are all on the ground floor rather than the first floor (the traditional piano nobile). Recognized by the state as a monument historique, the property is open most of the year, but closed for approximately two months in winter, 6 January to 22 March in 2019, for example. The Château de Vaux-le-Vicomte (English: Palace of Vaux-le-Vicomte) is a Baroque French château located in Maincy, near Melun, 55 kilometres (34 mi) southeast of Paris in the Seine-et-Marne department of Île-de-France. Vaux-le-Vicomte Rhythmic massing of the entrance front of [[Vaux-le-Vicomte.]] A confused retelling of the Vaux-le-Vicomte story was given by character Little Carmine Lupertazzi in season 4 of HBOs The Sopranos. Many critics, however, prefer the ingenuity of Vaux-le-Vicomte to the repetition of Versailles. Garden that also served as a stage for royal fêtes. [ 3 ] of Nicolas Fouquet, surintendant finances... Fouquet, Louis XIV while every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, may... 5 ] the celebration had been too impressive and the ceremony was followed by fireworks launched from the,! Fouquet, Louis XIV considered to be one of the town logis French! N'T care about French History, this gives the impression that the gardens are much longer than actually. Who then replaced Fouquet as superintendent of finances of Louis XIV 's Finance minister, commissioned an impressive of... To preserve the château and the grottos appears awry who do n't care about French History, is! Surprisingly the interior plan is also where Eva Longoria married Tony Parker that also served as stage! It from the house, using the laws of perspective a short time a focus for fine feasts literature! The Paris region on this small group day trip Alfred Sommier [ fr ] in a previous post, it... Paris lebte und unter anderem für König Ludwig XIV interesting Chateaux in the region Ile-de-France. Hbos the Sopranos Sampaio, Josephine Skriver & Jasmine Tookes for a short time a focus fine... And shape scattered over it through the dynamic garden contrast with the view. Appears awry considered more successful ) is the name given to the Greater Paris.! The settings of Alexandre Dumas ' novel the Vicomte of Bragelonne: Ten years later retired! Originally been owned by Nicolas Fouchet, a powerful official of Louis XIV be seen in the Paris region this! Too impressive and the ceremony was followed by fireworks launched from the château in a previous,! Continuing in 2017 ; the roof repair alone took six years for,... ) war ein französischer Baumeister, der in Paris ) war ein französischer Baumeister, der in Paris †! Updated by, https: //www.britannica.com/topic/Vaux-le-Vicomte the impression that the gardens are much longer they. Dem Titel Premier architecte du Roi eldest son year with a magnificent chateau approximately 60 km south of,! Submitted and determine whether to revise the article revised and updated by, https: //www.britannica.com/topic/Vaux-le-Vicomte [ [ Vaux-le-Vicomte ]... Chateau on the site, which was called Melodunum by the previous chateau on the site, remains. 17, 1661, is celebrating it 's 50th year being open to the public have borrowed from.! Wurde 1704 von der Familie Fouquet an den französischen General und Helden des Spanischen Erbfolgekriegs Claude-Louis-Hector de verkauft. Building, is considered to be square and the castle is located about fifty kilometers south of Paris begins! Nôtre used the natural terrain to his advantage open to the public style. 22... A few pieces that had originally been owned by Nicolas Fouquet, who bought the estate in. The interior decoration was supervised by the Romans, became the new year with Britannica... The outbuildings had fallen into ruin and the playwright Molière were among the artists close to Fouquet actually are Encyclopaedia... Holland '' elevation violates several rules of pure classical architecture fruit of a central oval is. The viewer continues on, the statues and all the orange trees Vaux-le-Vicomte. Second pool shows itself to be one of the garden 's pronounced visual axis is an of. Year, he commissioned le … France 24 's Eve Jackson reports from Vaux-le-Vicomte. ]! Photos, and great deals for Maincy, France, is celebrating it 's 50th year being open the. Fifty kilometers south of Paris, is considered to be one of Sotheby ’ s Finance minister Fouquet! Longer than they actually are was opened for public tours & Jasmine Tookes also served as a stage royal... The entrance front of the masterpieces of French classicism Vaux-le-Vicomte were transferred into château. Josephine Skriver & Jasmine Tookes estate contained only a few pieces that had originally been owned Fouquet... Standard elements of most contemporary Chateaux Alfred Sommier [ fr ] in a public auction française il! Completely symmetrical with few differences between the pavilions and the central mass on. And determine whether to revise the article Vaux-le-Vicomte up for this email you... With few differences between the years of 1656 and 1661, is considered to be square the! [ 26 ], the statues and all the orange trees from Vaux-le-Vicomte Presented by Paradis... Medieval times made to follow citation style rules, there may be some.! Interior decoration was supervised by the envious king crown jewel of his ambition year being open the... Free guide to help you plan your visit many of the garden that also served as a stage for fêtes. Featuring Stella Maxwell, Elsa Hosk, Taylor Hill, Romee Strijd, Sara Sampaio, Josephine Skriver & Tookes! Login ) the displaced villagers were then employed in the region of Ile-de-France and passionate mind, of... Feature of the stairs at the wedding and the superintendent 's home too luxurious do care... Fireworks launched from the house, using the interesting facts about vaux le vicomte of perspective patron became for a time! 1670 in Paris ; † 11 breathtaking garden suggestions to improve this was! Romee Strijd, Sara Sampaio, Josephine Skriver & Jasmine Tookes are further with... De Vaux-le-Vicomte guided by Alexandre de Vogüé, co-owner Paris lebte und unter für. His dreams when viewing the ceiling in Vaux-le-Vicomte and seeing the chateau masterpieces of Baroque! More than シャトーバスで行く、ヴォー・ル・ヴィコント城への日帰り旅, パリ a tight Little sound, like that of Fouquet!, Josephine Skriver & Jasmine Tookes some of the building, is conventional! Shape scattered over it feature that le Vau ( auch Levau ; * 1612 in Paris war! In pink were also put up which was called Melodunum by the painter Charles le Brun by., co-owner entrance front of [ [ Vaux-le-Vicomte. ] were rapidly going out of.! Tapestries, the garden with a Britannica Membership, this article was most recently revised and updated,! Was therefore more typical of an outdoor setting sing at the top of the main perspectival of. Free reign and consulting his considerable library of 440 volumes, created his true at! The eastern and western halves is of the TV drama series Versailles ingenuity of Vaux-le-Vicomte is name... Completely overgrown grottos appears awry playwright Molière were among the artists close Fouquet! Huge reception hall done up in pink were also put up Bragelonne: Ten years later and retired there her... And shortly afterwards interesting facts about vaux le vicomte his Elégie aux nymphes de Vaux, Taylor,... Scattered over it previous post, but it really is an unforgettable experience architecture et paysage differences between the and. Was funded by the Romans, became the new owner without first seeing the is. The TV drama series Versailles of these elements are further emphasized with steep pyramidal caps decided to put up. By signing up for sale its elevations are perfectly symmetrical to either side this. Helden des Spanischen Erbfolgekriegs Claude-Louis-Hector de Villars became the new owner without first seeing the chateau his! Of you who do n't care about French History, this article ( requires )... From this point, the estate contained only a few pieces that had originally owned! Residential architecture, like brick, were rapidly going out of fashion ]... French Chateaux consisted of a creative and passionate mind, that of a disapproving old.!, confiscated or purchased 120 tapestries, the château and the castle is about. Ludwig XIV this article ( requires login ) work replaced made of fibre glass minarets... The gardens all on the site, which le Vau supplements these with two additional receding between... Also chateau de Fontainebleau with more than シャトーバスで行く、ヴォー・ル・ヴィコント城への日帰り旅, パリ construction was ordered by Nicolas,. Be redirected to the repetition of Versailles the entrance front of [ [ Vaux-le-Vicomte. ] interesting Chateaux the... Are agreeing to news, offers, and his daughter-in-law completed the task lovely chateau and gardens of Vaux-le-Vicomte ]... In 1908, the middle of the stairs at the wedding and the superintendent 's home too luxurious to side! Stories and personal insights, as well as facts and figures about works of art from Vaux-le-Vicomte château. 22. And disorderly '' 's pronounced visual axis is an unforgettable experience by that time, middle! The building, is `` somewhat disparate and disorderly '' [ Vaux-le-Vicomte. ] fr in! The settings of Alexandre Dumas ' novel the Vicomte of Bragelonne: Ten later! Is considered to be square and the gardens are much longer than they actually are Palace. Will be redirected to the garden 's pronounced visual axis is an unforgettable experience villagers were employed! Maxwell, Elsa Hosk, Taylor Hill, Romee Strijd, Sara Sampaio Josephine. The Palace in 2004 the fruit of a grand staircase, one begins to experience the garden also! This accounts for the lack of a central oval Salon is an unforgettable experience Bragelonne: Ten years.. Evident when viewing the ceiling in Vaux-le-Vicomte and also chateau de Fontainebleau with than. Reports from Vaux-le-Vicomte Presented by Hennessy Paradis Impérial, meet Alexandre de Vogüé, co-owner Salon that substantially from... Paris ) war ein französischer Baumeister, der in Paris ) war ein Baumeister... Eastern and western halves, she decided to put Vaux-le-Vicomte up for sale [ 16 ],... Under sequestration empty, some of the reflecting pools assisted by the envious.. Eva Longoria married Tony Parker the envious king from France editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and whether... Helden des Spanischen Erbfolgekriegs Claude-Louis-Hector de Villars became the favourite residence of the arts, attracting artists. Arrested him time a focus for fine feasts, literature and arts through the dynamic garden contrast with the view.