Bring me my weapons!’ The assassins were struck with fear by these words and wanted to escape, but ran straight into the two chiefs of the murder-conspiracy, who allayed their fears and made them go into the tent again. He had the chief mullah of Iran strangled after he was heard expressing support for the Safavids. The Ottoman Sultan Mahmud I initiated the Ottoman-Persian War (1743-1746), in which Muhammad Shah closely cooperated with the Ottomans until his death in 1748. The battle of Amritsar was fought between the Nihang Sikhs of the Shaheedan Misl and the Afghans. Finished translations were presented to Nāder Shah in Qazvīn in June, 1741, who, however, was not impressed. When a rumour spread that Nader had been assassinated by a female guard at the Red Fort, some Indians attacked and killed 3,000 Afsharid troops during the riots that broke out on the night of 21 March. He had declared that he was Nadir Shah's successor, thus giving him the right to conquer India. (Nader Shah) Until His Assassination In A.D. 1747. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nader_Shah%27s_invasion_of_India&oldid=995608751, Articles with dead external links from February 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The Persian Empire annexes all lands west of the Indus river and establishes hegemony over the region, "Empire" as a description of foreign policy, This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 23:48. Iran finally lost Bahrain to House of Khalifa during Invasion of Bani Utbah in 1783. , Nader's Indian campaign also alerted the British East India Company to the extreme weakness of the Mughal Empire and the possibility of expanding British imperial designs to fill the power vacuum. What is a son? He received word that the Mughal Emperor would not receive Nader's letter to him, nor would he let his ambassador leave. The keys to the capital of Delhi were surrendered to Nader.  The turning point in his military career started from his second and third campaigns against the by then revolting Lezgians, as well as other ethnic groups of Dagestan in the northwestern parts of his domain.  The small group of close intimates, Nader's friends, included Tahmasp Khan Jalayer and Hasan-Ali Beg Bestami. In 1768, Christian VII of Denmark commissioned Sir William Jones to translate a Persian language biography of Nader Shah written by his Minister Mirza Mehdi Khan Astarabadi into French. Finally, Karim Khan founded the Zand dynasty and became ruler of Iran by 1760. Nature endowed him with all the great qualities that make heroes ... His dyed beard made a sharp contrast with his completely gray hair; his natural physique was strong, tall, and his waist was proportional to his growth; his expression was gloomy, with an oblong face, an aquiline nose and a beautiful mouth, but with his lower lip protruding forward. Coins were struck, and prayers said, in his name in the Jama Masjid and other Delhi mosques. ‘Where is my sword? Many years later, when he was returning in triumph from his conquest of Delhi, he led the army to his birthplace and made a speech to his generals about his early life of deprivation. In Isfahan, Nader got Tahmasp drunk then showed him to the courtiers asking if a man in such a state was fit to rule. This form of Sikh attack was called Dhai Put. His mother died in captivity. , Nader idolized Genghis Khan and Timur, the previous conquerors from Central Asia. Muslims, like Hindus, resorted to killing their women, children and themselves rather than submit to the Afsharid soldiers. Nādir Shāh, Iranian ruler and conqueror who created an Iranian empire that stretched from the Indus River to the Caucasus Mountains. When Sultan Husayn attempted to quell a rebellion by the Ghilzai Afghans in Kandahar, the governor he sent (Gurgin Khan) was killed.  Adil Shah was deposed within a year.  This was the only time that he was ever defeated in battle. Nader was a long-waited son in his family. After the Iranians had forced the Uzbek khanate of Bukhara to submit, Nader wanted Reza to marry the khan's elder daughter because she was a descendant of his hero Genghis Khan, but Reza flatly refused and Nader married the girl himself..  These horrific events were recorded in contemporary chronicles such as the Tarikh-e-Hindi of Rustam Ali, the Bayan-e-Waqai of Abdul Karim and the Tazkira of Anand Ram Mukhlis.. Until the advent of the Zands and Qajars, its rulers had various forms of autonomy, but stayed vassals and subjects to the Iranian king. He built a new city near Kandahar, which he named "Naderabad". How did the Sikhs loot Nadir Shah's army? The Marathas had captured vast swathes of territory in Central and Northern India, whilst many of the Mughal nobles had asserted their independence and founded small states. 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