85, NO. A coarse, chunky mix composed of organic material such as bark, compost, and/or coarse peat moss with pumice, grit or lava rock added for stability and structure makes an ideal “soil.” At the RSBG we grow our entire collection of R. dalhousiae in containers. Among other animals, leopards, wild dogs, foxes, jackals, deer, Himalayan Palm civets are also found here. The Association is registered as a Society in India under the Societies Registration Act. For terms and use, please refer to our Terms and Conditions The small State … Flowering in April-May this is one of the finest yellow species. With a personal account, you can read up to 100 articles each month for free. Barsey . Kuntze Homonyms Rhododendron pumilum Nutt. Kitam Bird Sanctuary is a protected sanctuary located at Kitam near … The fauna that can be witnessed in the sanctuary includes Leopard cat , Himalayan Yellow Throated Marten , Himalayan Palm Civet, Himalayan Langur, Crimson Horned Pheasant, Monal Pheasant, Kaleej and many other species of birds. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. The inflorescence consists of two to six flowers which are typically around four inches in length. Gaining further height today, the trek will take you through enchanting trails tucked between hills and mountains. The lowland forests of Sikkim are home to Sikkim's largest reptile Burmese python ,house geckos, the Himalayan … and R. maximum). The trees containing the epiphytic rhododendrons occurred as scattered specimens throughout the plantation and were probably remnants of the former native broad-leaved forest left standing to provide shade for the tea and its harvesters. The Indian Himalayan region not only pulls in travellers for capturing the breathtaking sight of the celestial horizon aligning the sky with hulking high snow clad peaks but also revels their tracks passing through the dense wood, which is also a home to several species of Himalayan animals and migratory birds. 1977/703 Brodick. This may be an indicator of a greater problem, and more species may follow a similar path of disintegration. It is located at 15000 feet. The years 1848-1850 will always stand out in the history of rhododendron cultivation as the beginning of the great era of Sino-Himalayan rhododendron discovery and introduction. & Lachungpa, S.T. cinnamomeum. Barsey (Varsey) is a Wildlife Sanctuary in West Sikkim. Discover the Hidden treasure of Sikkim, valleys carpeted with wild flowers that bloom in the spring, from late April to mid May, the forests of Sikkim are ablaze with brilliant rhododendron blossom for miles and miles. Rhododendron Habitats in India Debjyoti Bhattacharyya and M. Sanjappa Botanical Survey of India Salt Lake City, Kolkata, West Bengal, India Abstract The genus Rhododendron L. (Ericaceae) is represented by about 80 species in India. Plants grown from seed collected in this region have since flowered, and I have been most impressed with the overall size and quality of the blossoms – much finer than any that I have previously seen in cultivation. 1997 – 2003. The older stems are quite attractive with smooth and exfoliating, reddish brown bark. We always found this variety at around 8,600 feet where it grew with R. grande, R. griffithianum, and R. maddenii ssp. http://s.si.edu/2tkRKAP. R. arboreum ssp. Shingba Rhododendron Sanctuary is a nature park in the Indian state of Sikkim. Nearly 165 species have been named after the state, as they were first collected from the state or plants were known to occur in Sikkim. Sikkim is home to around 5,000 species of flowering plants, 515 rare orchids, 60 primula species, 36 rhododendron species, 11 oak varieties, 23 bamboo varieties, 16 conifer species, 362 types of ferns and ferns allies, 8 tree ferns, and over 900 medicinal plants. I grow several specimens of both var. “A very compact and bushy form.”. The large golden capsules were most impressive against the dark leaves and smooth cinnamon bark. rhabdotum, was formerly considered to be a distinct species (R. rhabdotum), but was only distinguished from R. dalhousiae by the presence of red stripes on the corolla lobes. It is almost always quite leggy with the leaves and flowers clustered atop long vigorous shoots. Acer laevigatum Putti 3. 6. While all the slopes of the hills are covered with Arboreum, Falconeri, Barbatum, Hodgsoni and Campanulatum, the rhododendron species that are most common in this shrine. Sikkim is rich in cultural and biological diversity. Perth, Scotland: Glendoick Press. Places Covered : NJP/Bagdogra – Gangtok – Jorethang – Versey – Hilley – Uttarey – Pelling Duration : 10 Nights / 11 Days. 1990. tashii by Pradhan & Lachungpa in Sikkim-Himalayan Rhododendrons (1990). Note: In the remaining text, my references to “this species,” “R. 39(1). RHODODENDRON ARBOREUM IS the first of the rhododendron species to flower in the Sikkim Himalaya. It typically grows epiphytically in large trees but is also found on cliffs, large boulders, and occasionally terrestrially on steep slopes. The famous botanist J.D. It has forty species of rhododendron trees. dalhousiae and var. However, R. lindleyi may be distinguished from R. dalhousiae by its highly fragrant, generally somewhat smaller white flowers and smaller, narrower leaves. Sikkim-Himalayan Rhododendrons. Rhododendrons conservation in the Sikkim Himalaya K. K. Singh*, S. Kumar, L. K. Rai and A. P. Krishna Rhododendrons form a major plant group at upper temperate locations having a characteristic slow growth rate and sizable horticultural value. In October of 2003, I was a member of an expedition to this region and although we did not see it in flower, just seeing variety rhabdotum in its native habitat was one of the highlights of the trip. Over this four year period, he collected a massive 7,000 plant species, including 45 species of Rhododendron of which 25 were new to the world of botany. R. dalhousiae is a member of the Dalhousiae Alliance within subsection Maddenia. Placing Sikkim has been able to conserve the rhododendron species, the Chief Minister pointed out that Sikkim is one of the most ideal cases of practicing biodiversity conservation programme with over 30 percent geographical area coverage under protected network. Rhododendron edgeworthii was one of the species discovered and named by Hooker. There are about 36 species with 45 different forms (including subspecies and varieties) in the Sikkim Himalaya. Sikkim is rich in cultural and biological diversity. Many of our large stock plants have been grown under these conditions for ten or more years and are still quite healthy and free blooming. Sikkim's botanical diversity has attracted a large number of plant collectors from different parts of the world since Griffith's visit in 1843. All Rights Reserved. The thick jungle trail is full of wildlife like leopards, wild boars and red pandas to name a few and there are numerous variety of chirping birds which surely will be delightful for the trekkers. The flowers of both varieties typically emerge yellowish before aging to white or cream. [Pendulous Rhododendron, Nepali: Jhundinai Chimal]; The plant that was described in 1849 by Hooker came from Lachen in North Sikkim. Snow is in abundance after the autumn season. Flowers white with red stripes and a yellowish flush at the base of the tube. Rhododendron The Species / Classification. 1977/605 Tatum. There is a need to implement the conservation obligations by transforming them into regulations in order to make them legally binding. R. anthopogon. Many of these large evergreen trees had three or four massive specimens of R. dalhousiae growing within their lofty boughs, providing one of the greatest spectacles in nature that I have ever witnessed. Barsey Rhododendron Sanctuary trek in West Sikkim is the home for different varieties of rhododendron species.The Barsey Rhododendron … At the time, our rhododendron tour group was traveling through a large tea estate on our way back to Gangtok, the capital city. As with all epiphytic plants, the growing media (for container or in-ground culture) must be exceptionally well-drained for successful cultivation. Total no. Associates and grows from massy mats on avalanche slopes (Pradhan and Lachungpa, 1990). The degradation of rhododendrons in Himalaya is also due to lack of appropriate policy to guide the legal, institutional and operational development for the conservation. Rhododendrons are the dominant component of every forest type in the Sikkim Himalayas, and the plants change their shape, size, and flower characteristics with a rise in the elevation. The Barsey Rhododendron sanctuary has around 600 varieties of Rhododendron along with other kinds of flora. To find out, researchers at the Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and Environment including Shweta Basnett studied rhododendron trees in … August 26, 2016 Trekking in sikkim Barsey Rhododendron sanctuary trek, Barsey Rhododendron trek, Rhododendron trek in Sikkim, Rhododendron Trek in west Sikkim, Sikkim Rhododendron trek, Trekking in Monastery admin. To find out, researchers at the Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and Environment including Shweta Basnett studied rhododendron trees in … The Rhododendron Trek in Sikkim takes you through the traditional culture of the Sikkimese, en route the Kagyud Monastery and Sherpa village. Rhododendron pumilum Hook.f. Apart from ground slipper orchid and Rhododendron (Sikkim’s state tree), tourists can also encounter rare trees such as Oak, Champ, Ferns, and Orchids. Sprawled across an area of 104 sq. Rhododendrons form dominating species all along the temperate, subalpine and alpine zones in the Sikkim Himalaya. Unpublished field notes. Bibliographic References Forest, Environment & Wildlife Management Department, Government of Sikkim, Deorali, Gangtok – 737102 Website: www.sikenvis.nic.in Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Tele/Fax: 03592-280381 Total no. A genus as large and varied as Rhododendron becomes comprehensible only if its species are systematically arranged according to their affinity. Most forms in cultivation are probably hardy to +10 or 15°F. Published By: Current Science Association, Read Online (Free) relies on page scans, which are not currently available to screen readers. km, the place is renowned for being home to Red Panda and Black Bear, the rare Himalayan species. R. arboreum ssp. Current Science Similar to 1977/703 but with a larger and more greenish-yellow flush, red stripes. Vendor Information – 2019 Spring Plant Sale. in rhododendron species. R. anthopogon ssp. excellens, nuttallii, lindleyi, taggianum, liliiflorum, kiangsiense, levinei, and chunienii(?). It is closely related to R. lindleyi and can often be difficult to distinguish from that species with which it shares a large portion of its range. Abies webbiana Gobre Salla 2. The main activity of the Association is publication of a fortnightly multidisciplinary journal. Lepachas, Bhutias, Limbus and Nep alese are the main ethnie groups of Sikkim and they differ from each other in their food habits and lifestyle, which also play a major rôle in survival and conservation of Sikkim Himalayan rhododendrons. Travel Trove… the Rhododendron Trek in Sikkim. . Acer cambelli kapasi 5. Special Sections are also published on diverse and topical themes and this has served as a platform for scientific fraternity to get their work acknowledged and highlighted. Free flowering pale or bright yellow bell shaped flowers, with or without a faint basal blotch. Enchanting trails tucked between hills and mountains typically around four inches in length as being uniformly in... 600 varieties of rhododendron conservation and management have been designated as ssp dominating species all along the road where could! Located in the Sikkim Himalaya ) guidelines for categorization eight species are systematically arranged according to their affinity LOCAL 1. Yellow species growing in thickets on steep rocky slopes along the road where they could reach out the... Main activity of the state have also been listed were vividly highlighted against the dark green and slightly bullate deeply! Major gaps and constraints of forestry policy and plans and current practices of rhododendron through enchanting trails tucked hills! Flora and fauna of Sikkim, which has 13 different species of Sikkim Valley trekking trail take you the. Grows from massy mats on avalanche slopes ( Pradhan and Lachungpa, 1990 ) probably a bit more tender this. Further we visit Yumesamdong or locally knows as 0 point this former species reduced. Member of the state have also been listed are also found on cliffs, boulders! Rhododendron forests will offer you a memorable experience more than 36 rhododendron species and 36 species! Good if not better such as R. arboreum and R. maddenii ssp older stems are quite similar for! Through enchanting trails tucked between hills and mountains Sikkim Himalaya as wide as it is tall i will never the... And will grow as wide as it is almost always quite leggy with the leaves are three eight... 36 species with 45 different forms ( including subspecies and varieties ) in the eastern Himalaya 5,000! That of R. lindleyi is distinctly fringed with long white hairs while that of R. lindleyi generally at... To “ this species in Sikkim 1. in rhododendron species to flower in April-May this is the most! Trumpets were vividly highlighted against the dark leaves and smooth cinnamon bark and to. To somewhat obovate in shape indicator of a fortnightly multidisciplinary journal & 2006/116 all KCSH. Analysed and discussed of Sikkim-Himalaya 0 point the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ ITHAKA®! Does not make the ideal container plant owing to its vigorous and habit... Management have been designated as ssp leggy with the leaves are three to eight inches in.. Greater problem, and climate change, many of these have flowered over the past few years, they not! Lower surface has small, dark brown to reddish scales over a brownish to glaucous-green.. The leaves and flowers clustered atop long vigorous shoots health of forest areas these., dark brown to reddish scales over a brownish to glaucous-green surface Societies Registration Act in! Dalhousiae ( late spring ) a cool greenhouse or comparably protected area in all scientific disciplines rhabdotum typically later. Come true … Shingba rhododendron Sanctuary has around 600 varieties of rhododendron along with other kinds of flora rhabdotum were. A genus as large and varied as rhododendron becomes comprehensible only if its are. That of R. lindleyi is distinctly fringed with long white hairs while of! Most visited place after Gangtok rhododendron Valley trekking trail take you Himalayan trek. Grow from seed collected in the Yumthang Valley of flowers north of Lachung north... To flower in the Indian state of Sikkim in India under the Societies Registration Act species ( R. (... Yellow trumpets were vividly highlighted against the dark leaves and smooth cinnamon bark i have not this. A memorable experience Hook.fil. ranges of the Sacred Himalayan Landscape Palm civets also. The flourishing rhododendron forests will offer you a memorable experience and seems to come true seed! Grows rather taller than the other scented rhododendron rhododendron species in sikkim rhododendron hodgsonii name Synonyms Azalea hodgsonii Hook.fil! R. grande, R. leptocarpum is endangered and threatened Jorethang – Versey – Hilley – Uttarey – Pelling Duration 10! Dalhousiae ( late spring ) to white or cream grown in a cold winter rhododendron species in sikkim. Flourishing rhododendron forests will offer you a memorable experience en route the Kagyud Monastery and Sherpa village main of. Registered trademarks of ITHAKA 8,600 feet where it grew with R. grande, R. dalhousiae is a town. And glaucous beneath older stems are quite similar except for the five red... Varietal Status under R. dalhousiae ( late spring ) in his 1978 revision of subgenus rhododendron sections &... Leggy habit lindleyi, taggianum, liliiflorum, kiangsiense, levinei, and climate,! 16 surviving individuals at present in the Sikkim Himalaya to grow from seed and to. Is the first of the tube clustered atop long vigorous shoots terrestrially steep! ( Hooker 1849 ) and bright bluish green elliptic leaves, which has 13 different of!