The property was thoroughly scrutinized and the dudes made only one mistake. Today salt is inexpensive for most people, but in the past its scarcity and its value as a preservative and flavor enhancer meant salt was sometimes literally worth its weight in gold. One way is to invert the process by placing dummy sacks of barren rock among the legitimate samples. From the outset, Lovell used more than a pick and shovel to bring him fortune. Excited investors built a railroad into the area, erected a mill, and built tennis courts, a golf links, and a polo field to go with houses staffed with butlers who astounded the local populace by serving afternoon tea. This Canadian salt mine holds the distinction of being the largest salt … He was grumpy when interrupted. The … A careless English engineer let his Mexican crew collect samples without adequate supervision. In May, when their shaft was thirty feet deep, they ran into a fabulous vein later known as the Little Pittsburgh. If this drop in value could be hidden from potential buyers, then a sale at a highly satisfying figure—satisfying to the seller, at least—might be achieved. He netted $500,000 in dividends and then sold out for a million. For 70 years, American Heritage has been the leading magazine of U.S. history, politics, and culture. Bennager…, In 1904 Ben Ruby walks from the Yuma Territorial Prison after doing eight years on…, The story of rags-to-riches prospector Ed Schieffelin and his Lucky Cuss Mine is one of…. In the mining country of the Old West some men struck it rich without touching a shovel. Redmond Utah. It lies underground as most do. One famous example of this sort of unintentional salting occurred at the Ray copper mine in south-central Arizona in 1899. All it took was a little legerdemain—and a sucker Production wells, which bring mining fluids to the surface, are not regulated under the UIC program. By dishonestly increasing the apparent per-ton worth by a mere twenty-five cents, a seller could unload a hundred-thousand-ton mine for $25,000 above its value. It stretches over 1.5 miles wide, 2 miles long, and covers an area of 2.7 million squares miles. Within two years the company was bankrupt. Frustrated by these precautions, the salters then turned with fresh ingenuity to meddling with the samples themselves. The mines were owned and operated by The Detroit Salt and Manufacturing Company. The field developed into Cripple Creek, maker of at least twenty-eight millionaires. Fine dust carrying above-average concentrations of metal is likely to collect in these cracks. Why climb higher?  When taken internally it will pass through the body, exiting the body with high assay value. Parts of this mine have been converted into a … Read more. Salt flats and saline wetlands have a certain aesthetic charm, but apparently not enough charisma to generate much public support for their conservation. The smart buyer also brought along his own geologist.  To counter this, the buyer could insist they use the dynamite sticks he’d brought along for just such an occasion. The Sifto Salt Mine produces over 7 million tons of rock salt annually, which is enough to meet the demand in the Great Lakes region. Hence, they were willing to pay for claims that showed any trace of gold at all. Dusting a ton of ore with one eightieth of an ounce of gold, at its price of $20.67 per ounce, would add twenty-five cents to the value per ton—as would less than one quarter of an ounce of silver. Generally, the misrepresentations were a standard form of mining-camp bragging—but not always. Is that a big goldfish or a small koi? The swindler did it by sprinkling gold dust into mud that he then smeared onto the cable attached to the bit. One night, Chicken Bill Lovell stole a few hundred pounds of ore from the Little Pittsburgh and dumped the haul into the barren bottom of his own shaft. The Reserve has 60 enormous caverns, typically 200 feet in diameter and 2,500 feet tall, and one “large enough for Chicago’s Willis Tower to fit inside with room to spare.” Nevertheless, the hole was salted. What happened, apparently, was that trade was languishing in the nearby railroad town of Cañon City. Enough metal adhered to give high assay values to samples chipped from that face. But Tabor may not have been gullible so much as canny. Real Salt is as real as it gets: unrefined, unprocessed, nothing added, nothing removed. The plot failed. Matters are further complicated by the fact that values are seldom evenly distributed throughout a vein. Nor were workers allowed to wear their fingernails long. Few people know about The Detroit Salt mine. When there was greed, almost any device worked. In April of 1878, Rische and Hook obtained a grubstake, including a jug of whisky, from Leadville’s store-keeper-mayor, H. A. W. Tabor. One suspicious engineer, investigating a mine on an island near Juneau, Alaska (selling price: $450,000), demanded that the owners and their men leave the island while he did his sampling. When trained miners showed their suspicions, the salters vanished. Read more >>, The magazine was forced to suspend print publication in 2013, but a group of volunteers saved the archives and relaunched it in digital form in 2017. Or, given the proper circumstances, they would slit the bags open, salt them, and sew them up again.  It didn’t take long for the owner to figure out what the five Irishmen had done but he couldn’t prove it. He then invited Tabor to look at his mine. © Copyright 1949-2018 American Heritage Publishing Co. All Rights Reserved. In 2006, more than 200 million tons of salt were produced in the world.  Others might take a shotgun, load the charge with gold dust and blast the walls of the shaft, impregnating them with particles of gold. Wages then ran roughly $2.50 a day, and Bill probably equated the sale with a year’s work—not bad. Class III wells are used to inject fluids to dissolve and extract minerals. The salt mines were really interesting. Visitors were understandably impressed. The Sifto Salt Mine in Goderich is the world's largest underground salt mine. Refined swindlers occasionally blew gold dust into sample sacks through goose quills, or injected solutions of gold chloride with hypodermic needles.  The stock went up and all five sold at a tremendous profit. Assays of those pieces also revealed a high silver content. “Would you like a souvenir?”. Newcomers, panting with desire for quick money, were so convinced that riches could be plucked carrotlike from the ground that they often believed any encouraging signs they saw.  Not surprisingly, many times an entire community would plot against the buyer since the economic stability of a region might hinge on the successful sale. Mining Camp author Brete Harte wrote: “The ways of a man with a maid are strange, but tame, when compared to a man with a … Directed by Abner Biberman. We had to board a train to take us deeper underground, slides to get down (we were os much fun) and cross the mini underground lake by boat. They naturally chipped away at the softest spots.  They showed the glowing assay reports to the old prospector, who was so over-whelmed he changed his mind and refused to sell. Wax under the nails of one bribed Mexican laborer in western Chihuahua enabled him to transfer tiny flakes of gold from his pockets to some samples, and his employer extracted a down payment on the mine of $100,000 from a San Francisco operator. Perhaps that is why the following tale from Yreka, California, is so gratifying. A glance at ore showing those characteristics was enough for Leadville’s overnight tycoon. A classic western aphorism commonly attributed to Mark Twain defines a gold or silver mine as a hole in the ground with a liar on top. In addition to salt's well-known uses (such as table salt or road de-icing material), large caverns dissolved out of salt beds also are used to store natural gas, natural gas liquids (such as propane and butane), and other petroleum products. Flight Rising Submission Blog REBORN-----PSA: DO NOT GO TO DRAMARISING.COM , IT HAS BEEN TURNED INTO A SCAM/PHISHING/AD WEBSITE! The Englishmen said they would. Most modern salt mines are privately operated or operated by large multinational companies … Doesn’t get much better than that!!! The scheme worked. The deal had gone through, and the victims were stuck. Saying that he has been trying to get these mines operational since 2014, he informed that PM Modi had sanctioned Rs 3.5cr for the salt mines and work had resumed but the mines had to … Eureka! Nevertheless, precautions are taken to assure accurate samples. Since many a mine has been sold on the basis of samples totalling only a few tons, less than a hundred dollars might be enough to turn a handsome trick. Inevitably the residue showed colors. When business was good, they offered public guided tours, which was very popular with school groups. The hole didn’t look like much, but at its mouth was a small pile of that fancy ore, which Bill was busily sacking. And this claim did not backfire, as the Chrysolite had: it stayed barren, while Bill settled down contentedly to another year of paid-up existence. During the wait, dudes would wander by on various occasions asking foolish questions of the bored watchmen and now and then poking at the sacks with their walking sticks. The three swore they wouldn’t do such a dishonest thing. Please support this 70-year tradition of trusted historical writing and the volunteers that sustain it with a donation to American Heritage. When he joined the headlong rush across blizzard-swept South Park and over the snow-heaped Mosquito Range in the winter of 1877–78, he took along a wagonload of chickens to sell at premium prices. The chips loosened by this hammering accumulated in the water that was dribbled into the hole to soften the earth. Before long, no engineer would allow tobacco users near a place where sampling was going on. Bichloride of Gold, or a chemical liquid, was used for medicinal purposes such as alcoholism and kidney ailments. The miners were given their jobs back and returned to the mine. Sure enough, the scoundrel had carefully washed their five hundred dollars’ worth of salt out of the gravel and had vanished—perhaps to pull the trick on over-eager swindlers somewhere else. Trusted Writing on History, Travel, Food and Culture Since 1949, In the mining country of the Old West some men struck it rich without touching a shovel. Results can be disastrous. Mark Twain, in Roughing It , described how one such assayer at Virginia City, Nevada, was exposed when suspicious rivals sent him a fragment from a carpenter’s grindstone; the assayer said he found both silver and gold in it. But these methods did not go undetected. The best one can do is to sit tight, growl though he may. The tourists rushed to an assayer and had the ore appraised.  “No Irish Catholic would dare place his hand on the Holy Bible and lie,” he declared. All told, they used up fifty-four dollars’ worth of supplies. Ever afterward he was called Chicken Bill. It was booming from the early 1920s up until 1983, when it was forced to close due to the falling salt prices. Ownership and use of this claim is overseen by the Bureau of Land Management's Salt Lake Field Office under the serial number UMC276269. See more ideas about wieliczka, wieliczka salt mine, places. Gold dust is easily concealed in any kind of tobacco. 1955 Berchtesgaden Germany Salt Mines Tourists Riding Tram Car Funny Hats RPPC Real Photo Postcard Photograph Black White Photo AlaskaVintage. CELTIC LIGHT GREY FINE SEA SALT 22 LB: Item #: 0605-3922: $195.99: Temporarily Out of Stock Hoping to outfox Bill, they learned the location of his mine and wandered out to see it —mere tourist curiosity, of course. One of the stranger gold strike stories comes from Angels Camp, California in 1856.  He carefully salted the mine with his 12-guage shotgun, replacing the lead with fine placer gold.  He was diligent, thorough and totally dishonest. Marshall Trimble is Arizona’s official historian and the Wild West History Association’s vice president.  When it hit the floor the cover fell off and underneath was a Webster’s Dictionary. No sale resulted, however, because suspicions were properly aroused when five of the workers suddenly disappeared. Freighters who broke through the road several days later found him hale and fat, surrounded by feathers and frozen chicken remains. Robert S. Sawin and Rex C. Buchanan. His latest book is 2018’s Arizona Oddities: A Land of Anomalies and Tamales. Send your question, with your city/state of residence, to marshall.trimble@scottsdalecc.edu or Ask the Marshall, P.O. Most ores are friable and full of cracks. Generally, the misrepresentations were a standard form of mining-camp bragging—but not always. We are committed to getting you get the salt … If so, he must have had even wrier memories about it than about the Chrysolite, for a few years later gold was found at Mount Pisgah. bitten by the gold bug. Salt is an abundant and valuable natural resource in Kansas. From shop AlaskaVintage. If you want to see them with your own eyes, join me for a stroll through the underground. No one was handier at furnishing these tantalizing glimpses at high-value ore than William Lovell, champion fraud of Leadville, Colorado, during that famed silver camp’s first frantic boom. Then, with extreme patience and endless labor, the Orientals managed to rework the sifted ground at a profit. A man would bite off a chew, chomp it well, and spit into the pool of water he was using for washing the gravel in his gold pan. And, of course, there were obliging souls ready to provide attractive sights. Chicken Bill’s next victims were more typical—two English tourists he met one day on the porch of a Leadville hotel. Well, yes, if they were careful not to hurt themselves.  It was owned by an old prospector who saw an opportunity to retire in luxury. Salt exposure as a therapeutic treatment developed after 1843, when Polish physician Feliks Boczowski noticed that his patients, who worked in salt …  They provided fertile ground for hucksters, shysters, con men and bamboozlers. Although Rische and Hook sold their one-third interests in the mine for relatively modest sums (Hook got $98,000 and Rische, selling a little later, $273,000), Tabor held on to his grubstake third for a year. Immediately after the discovery of the Little Pittsburgh, Tabor quite naturally began buying claims all over the slope. A heavy drilling bit on the end of a stem was lifted a few feet by a cable run by a steam engine on the surface. Salting A Gold Mine January 10, 2017 Marshall Trimble Gold rush mining scene, photographed by Robert Vance circa 1850. Salt is found in nodes and mine carts throughout the mines, and players can mine it by pressing the Heavy attack button (keyboard default D). Being greenhorns, they took the pieces that broke off most readily—too readily, in fact, for Bill had just placed them there. Another favorite device was to load a shotgun shell with coin shavings and fire the charge at close range against the rock. Furthermore, an occasional assayer was a friendly soul who liked to report pleasantly high values in order to keep business coming—and some miners, like some health-seekers, will keep looking for a diagnostician who will tell them what they want to hear. More than half a century later, a skeptical, well-read California engineer trapped a fraudulent assayer in San Diego by exactly the same device—chips from a grindstone that the assayer declared to be worth fifteen dollars a ton in gold. Box 8008, Cave Creek, AZ 85327.  One day a few weeks later the owner was in his library browsing through his collection and while reaching for a book he accidentally knocked his Bible off the shelf. “From my mine,” said Chicken Bill, with an off-hand wave. The chips from each groove were individually sacked in stout canvas bags. The Salt Mines explores the lives of Sara, Gigi and Giovanna, three Latina transwomen who for years have lived on the streets of Manhattan supporting their drug addictions through sex work.They made their temporary home inside broken garbage trucks that the sanitation department keeps next to the salt deposits used in the winter to melt the snow. China is the largest producer, with 48 million tons, followed closely by the United States, with 46 million tons [source: Salt Institute]. A howling storm snowed him in near an abandoned log cabin. Informative, high tech complete with two slides and a train trip! When Matt is too busy to escort Kitty to a gold mine she inherited, she travels there alone and meets with claim jumpers and other difficulties. Could they look inside? In the second half of the 19th century, industrial mining and new drilling techniques made the discovery of more and deeper deposits possible, increasing mine salt's share of the market. Engineer C. S. Haley told, in a 1913 issue of the Mining and Scientific Press , of a test hole that he carefully sealed against tampering during nights when the crew was away. Tabor took an estimated $150,000 from it before selling out. Values were intriguing—thanks to tiny clay pills, each containing a grain of gold, dropped into the gravel by native workers. The samples, sent to London for assaying, indicated a bonanza—rock containing five per cent copper, or a hundred pounds of metal per ton. The sacks were wired shut, sealed with a lead seal bearing the examiner’s “brand,” and numbered according to location. The next day, as he was again yarning with the pair on the porch, a pack train shuffled by, the mules loaded with bulging ore sacks. The extension was granted, but at its end the buyer did not appear. A classic western aphorism commonly attributed to Mark Twain defines a gold or silver mine as a hole in the ground with a liar on top. In the old days, Chinese were often barred from California placer operations until after the whites had moved on. He named his purchase the Chrysolite and had his men sink a shaft through the salted ore and into the rock beneath. Morton Salt mines and stockpiles salt throughout the year to supply customers with salt whether by vessel, barge, rail, or truck. But one morning the swindler applied the mud too late. Bill was one of the first to prospect on Fryer Hill, immediately north of the new camp at Leadville, but he was not as lucky as two Germans, August Rische and George Hook, who followed close behind him. See AKZO NOBEL SALT, INC. , ... Campus Location: Mather House, Room 308 11201 Euclid Ave. All it took was a little legerdemain—and a sucker. Multicolored walls of a salt mine located 1,380 feet (420 meters) underground, near the town of Soligorsk, south of Minsk, Belarus. More cautious American investors took over the operation a few years later and spent $300,000 to sample the mine. By sheer chance they had hit its apex, the only point where the vein could have been reached with pick and shovel. Investors risking $100,000 or more seldom bought such a property without first seeking the advice of trained engineers. The equipment in an assayer’s office—crusners, mortars, crucibles, and the like—could also be doctored, sometimes without the assayer’s collusion, but more often with it. According to experienced engineers, salting cannot be absolutely prevented; the most a prospective buyer can hope for is that he will detect the fraud in time. In such cases there is not much use in trying to prove fraud against any particular individual. Every so often the sludge was raised to the surface, dried, and assayed. The four operating salt mines are American Rock Salt in Mt. BUTLER # 3 is a closed mining claim in Salt Lake, Utah. Although accurate evaluation of the mine rather than detection of fraud was the sampler’s main purpose, gigantic swindles became so common that textbooks on mining still outline the basic tricks. Toward the close of the last century, churn drills were introduced for sampling ore bodies hundreds of feet beneath the surface of the earth.  Gold was malleable and would imbed itself into the rock, giving the worthless claim a highly mineralized façade. Hoping to revive it, certain merchants paid two Leadville ne’er-do-wells, S. J. Bradley and D. G. Miller, two hundred dollars to dig a hole eighteen feet deep on a slope forty-five miles from Canon City, and to produce, supposedly from that hole, ore that assayed at $2,000 a ton. It has a long history, going all the way back to the time when Indian tribes used the salt mine. A prospective buyer chemically treated, milled, and amalgamated several tons of the “ore.” Dazzled by the returns, the buyer all but sprained his wrist reaching for his checkbook and did not learn the truth until, on starting his own operation, he discovered a battered coin lodged in a crevice. 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Each man a chunk of money and numbered according to location groove were sacked! Yreka, California in 1856 Postcard Photograph Black White Photo AlaskaVintage a place where sampling was going on they...