This final rule contains no reporting or recordkeeping requirements under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 4:1‑21.5 or 4:7-1, in order to control the spread of pine shoot beetle, the following counties are hereby quarantined: Bergen, Hunterdon,Morris, Passaic, Somerset,Sussex and Warren. Yet neither widespread destruction nor significant economic loss resulted. Now, your pine trees may ask for a favor in return – protect them from pine beetles. on 7 U.S.C. Pine shoot beetle management Jill O'Donnell and Mike Bryan, Michigan State University Extension and Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development - April 6, 2012 Growers will need to destroy pine shoot beetle trap logs early due to the warm weather in March. They said the public needs scientific studies conducted to determine current PSB populations and losses under regulation. These rows are separated by spaces, giving a striped appearance to the wing covers. This feature is not available for this document. documents in the last year, by the International Trade Administration The compositions are made up of α-pinene and a compound chosen from the group consisting of myrtenol, nonanal and α-pinene oxide. In accordance with the Regulatory Flexibility Act, we have analyzed the potential economic effects of this action on small entities. Federal Register provide legal notice to the public and judicial notice Logs must be removed between 1-20 April by burning or burying. Proactive prevention is your best bet to save your pine trees. Pine shoot beetle eggs are approximately 1⁄25 inch (1 mm) long, oval, smooth, and shiny white. Often they are waiting on the fallen pine trees and begin feeding on bark beetles as … Acting Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. The majority of these establishments are small entities. of the issuing agency. This rule is not an Executive Order 13771 regulatory action because this rule is not significant under Executive Order 12866. This table of contents is a navigational tool, processed from the Tactics and Tools for IPM. Sanitation is critical to controlling this pest. Though, if their population is high, they may attack healthy ones as well. 10.025 and is subject to Executive Order 12372, which requires intergovernmental consultation with State and local officials. We are adopting as a final rule, without change, a proposal to amend our regulations to remove the domestic pine shoot beetle (PSB) quarantine and to eliminate the restrictions that apply to the importation of PSB host material from Canada. The regulations in “Subpart G—Pine Shoot Beetle” (7 CFR 301.50 through 301.50-10, referred to below as the regulations) had restricted interstate movement of certain regulated articles (generally wood and wood products) from quarantined areas in order to prevent spread of PSB into non-infested areas of the United States. The commenter feared PSB spread following deregulation will have a negative economic impact there, where the warmer climate will allow two incubation periods per year, instead of one; where storms are more frequent and violent, downing trees to create PSB brooding conditions; and where pine stands are large and dense. Thanasimus formicarius disperse just before the flight of their prey (Tomicus piniperda and Tomicus minor as well as other bark beetles) or during, or just after. Traps should be 8 to 12 funnel units with an insect killing strip in the collection cup. The beetles can cause severe decline in the health of the trees, and in some cases, kill the trees when high populations exist. Our analysis drew on 46 citations to assess the physical and economic impact of PSB and to project possible impact of deregulation on other regions. It is now considered a minor pest that can be readily controlled locally. These can be useful Infested shoots shrivel, begin to turn yellow, then red, and finally break near the entry hole dug by the beetle. This program/activity is listed in the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance under No. Control 1. 1633, 7701-7772, and 7781-7786; 21 U.S.C. Mechanical. Learn the common signs of pine beetles, how to prevent them from hurting your trees and how to control them if they’re already there. Whether the mountain pine beetle, Southern pine beetle or Western pine beetle is in your area, the signs they leave behind are the same. Use trap logs to attrac… Done in Washington, DC, this 24th day of September 2020. 1501A-293; sections 301.75-15 and 301.75-16 issued under Sec. that agencies use to create their documents. View our. Half of the 10 commenters on PSB deregulation voiced concern for a range of possible negative future impacts. Four of the commenters expressed concern for the pine economy as a result of PSB deregulation. We estimate that an establishment with an active PSB compliance agreement spends 4 to 8 hours annually collecting data and ensuring adherence to the agreement. Tomicus piniperda (Pine Shoot Beetle) - Fact Sheet Description of the adults. Analysis in Support of Certification that the Rule will not... Pine Shoot Beetle, Tomicus piniperda: Analysis of Regulatory... Executive Orders 12866 and 13771 and Regulatory Flexibility Act, https://www.federalregister.gov/d/2020-21800, MODS: Government Publishing Office metadata, https://www.regulations.gov/​docket?​D=​APHIS-2016-0065. Three sought delay or a phase-in of deregulation, with monitoring of impact on PSB losses and harm before entirely deregulating. If you are using public inspection listings for legal research, you The pine shoot beetle produces no pheromone but is attracted to host scents. Michael C. Thomas. The beetle attacks new shoots of pine trees, stunting the growth of the trees. Our February 2015 analysis demonstrated that despite PSB's spread, damage has been minor. EENY-321 Pine Shoot Beetle, Tomicus piniperda (Linnaeus) (Insecta: Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae)1 Michael C. Thomas, Wayne N. Dixon, and Thomas R. Fasulo2 1. States and the industry need to help shift PSB strategies now away from national regulation as present funding addresses pressing Japanese beetle expansion. 09/30/2020 at 8:45 am. Common pine shoot beetles closely resemble both the southern pine beetle and black turpentine beetle. Recommendations for managing insects and mites on shade trees and shrubs. corresponding official PDF file on govinfo.gov. Our February 2015 analysis did not state otherwise. The President of the United States manages the operations of the Executive branch of Government through Executive orders. However, thus far, even in pine-dense regions where PSB has become endemic, PSB damage to native pines, plantations, and nursery trade has been minimal. Pine shoot beetle can cause damage in weak and dying trees, where reproduction and immature stages of pine shoot beetle occur, and in the new growth of healthy trees. Potentially affected establishments include timber tract operations, forest product operations, logging companies, forest tree nurseries, and Christmas tree operations. on daily Federal Register on FederalRegister.gov will remain an unofficial Estimated compliance costs for Christmas tree growers have far outweighed timber losses. 136 and 136a; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.3. a. There apparently is no practical chemical control for this pest. 5. on Damage to the shoots is usually limited to the upper third ot the crown. These tools are designed to help you understand the official document Since APHIS initiated the PSB program in 1992, PSB has advanced at a slow rate, and damage to native pines, plantations, and the nursery trade has been minimal. documents in the last year, 768 It is not an official legal edition of the Federal Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA. Pine shoot beetle (PSB, Tomicus piniperda) is a pest of pines in Africa, Asia, and Europe. Internationally, the deregulation is unlikely to affect exports of pine products. 12/23/2020, 202 This document has been published in the Federal Register. The present invention is directed to compositions which display increased attraction for the pine shoot beetle compared to α-pinene, a host monoterpene. Only official editions of the Based on this estimate, total annual cost savings from PSB deregulation for establishments with active compliance agreements could be between $12,480 and $59,600. Pursuant to the Congressional Review Act (5 U.S.C. Document page views are updated periodically throughout the day and are cumulative counts for this document. PSB was first detected in the United States in a Christmas tree farm in Ohio in 1992. Adults are 3 to 5 mm long Footnote 1 and shaped like little barrels. ©2020 The Davey Tree Expert Company. Four of the comments counseled more cautious approaches to regulatory change and PSB control. Control Efforts Remove dead and dying Scots Pines to remove breeding sites for Tomicus piniperda and reduce the attractiveness of plantations to beetles that might be in their vicinity. FACTS, IDENTIFICATION & CONTROL LATIN NAME. 4. 204, Title II, Public Law 106-113, 113 Stat. Pine shoot beetle Tomicus piniperda Order Coleoptera, Family Scolytidae; bark or engraver beetles Introduced pest Host plants: Pines Description: Adult beetles are 3–5 mm long and cylindri-cal. In addition, this limitation on the artificial spread of the beetle would make it more feasible to benefit from the introduction of biological control agents, which are APHIS is working with a National Plant Board harmonization initiative to address this problem, and the reprogrammed funds will be used to help address this issue Start Printed Page 61808by increasing inspection and treatment for Japanese beetle. Apply the insecticide in accordance with specific use instructions and precautions on the label. This beetle readily responds to fresh pine sap (resin, pitch) associated with injured trees. However, the commenter feared possible negative impact on Western pine forests and urged “Early Detection and Rapid Response” funding. The pine shoot beetle (Tomicus piniperda L.; PSB) is native to Europe, North Africa and Asia. Like the pine engraver beetles, the black turpentine beetle is not usually a serious problem because its typical attack pattern is to infest scattered trees. (b) (No change.) View our Privacy Policy for more information. This prototype edition of the We must invite new strategies other than Federal regulation, recognizing local pine industry practices have been most effective at minimizing PSB damage. published in the Federal Register on September 23, 2019 (84 FR 49680-49681, Docket No. Section 319.40-5 is amended by removing and reserving paragraph (m). headings within the legal text of Federal Register documents. 2 & Wayne N. Dixon. 12/23/2020, 395 The treatment for pine beetles works best when applied proactively before an infestation is detected. on FederalRegister.gov These activities control the artificial spread of PSB but are not aimed at controlling it within an affected region. products: bark products, Christmas trees, logs and firewood with bark attached, lumber with bark attached, nursery stock, raw pine materials for pine wreaths and garlands, and stumps. In accordance with guidance on complying with Executive Order 13771, the single primary estimate of the cost savings of this rule is about $36,000, the mid-point estimate annualized in perpetuity using a 7 percent discount rate. Minnesota is part of a federal quarantine for pine shoot beetle. documents in the last year, 43 Both assessments that we conducted call for new strategies, which the States and producers may undertake from the success of localized approaches. documents in the last year, 789 Ips beetles usually attack injured, dying, or recently felled trees and fresh logging debris. documents in the last year, 236 Funnel traps and sentinel logs should be placed Compliance costs projected long into the future outweigh any possible benefits to pine producers. and cvs., Zones 2–10). Common Pine Shoot Beetle. Dead and dying pine trees, recently felled pines and pines subjected to stresses such as poor soil conditions, glaze ice and storms should be removed as quickly as possible to eliminate potential egg-laying sites for the common pine shoot beetle. We acknowledge need for more research to address many domestic pests. Section 301.75-15 issued under Sec. Mechanical and silvicultural. Biologically, this species of bark beetle is considered to be a secondary pest of pine and not able to successfully attack healthy trees. Several commenters either presumed regulation is preventing spread within or from quarantined areas, or mistakenly believed PSB numbers are declining under regulation. … Pine beetles of all kinds – including the Western, Southern and mountain pine beetle –  attack weak trees. That effort will continue even after PSB deregulation. Control 1. … The analysis is summarized below. 400 (7 U.S.C. They said careful analysis based on scientific findings could then form a basis for addressing permanent changes that will result from deregulation. Potential egg-laying materials (such as stressed, dying, or dead pine trees) should be removed from a high-risk forest before the emergence of beetles in the spring (ISSG, n.d). One of these latter commenters recognized the positive economic impacts of deregulation on the industry, yet still pressed PSB concerns. documents in the last year, 23 While every effort has been made to ensure that During July 1992, pine shoot beetle was detected on a Christmas tree farm near Strongsville, Ohio. The pine shoot beetle may also attack stressed pine trees by breeding under the bark at the base of the trees. 3501 et seq.). Cultural practices used in Europe include precise timing of cutting operations and the debarking of cut timber. documents in the last year, 110 Forest fires, windstorms and defoliating insects create favorable conditions for the breeding of pine shoot beetles, which leads to shoot damage in the pine forests. It is possible that without the PSB program, human-assisted dispersal of PSB would have occurred more rapidly and extended to areas that are not yet infested; the impact of the rule on pine populations in natural and urban environments within and outside currently quarantined areas—and on businesses that grow, use, or process pine products—is indeterminate. documents in the last year, 312 Often, infested trees are removed to prevent the beetle from spreading to other pines in your yard. If you have pine trees and know pine beetles are in your area, you guessed it. Adherence to the pine shoot beetle compliance management program would substantially reduce the artificial spread of the pine shoot beetle to uninfested areas. documents in the last year, 648 As their name implies, pine shoot beetles feed on pine trees (Pinus spp. Two commenters expressed concern over what they considered the growth-stunting potential of PSB in harming shoots of pine trees. on Once active, you will need to first protect the trees surrounding the one with activity and then make some decisions regarding the infested tree which could include using a systemic like Prothor. In this beetle and many related beetles, the wing covers slope steeply downward toward the rear (to for… Our pines and evergreens are often some of our favorite trees in the yard. While we recognize the value of cautionary approaches protective of natural resources, we find no basis to continue regulation. Commenters said regulation is worthwhile and should be prioritized. In situations where pruning is not feasible due to the size of the plantation, the application of carbaryl, or diazinon** or chlorpyrifos in July should provide some control. by the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network documents in the last year, by the Environmental Protection Agency has no substantive legal effect. Davey uses cookies to make your experience a great one by providing us analytics so we can offer you the most relevant content. The adult beetle attacks new growth by boring into the stem tip and moving up the shoot. We also consulted with the National Plant Board. documents in the last year, 29 to the courts under 44 U.S.C. documents in the last year, 73 Adults are 3 to 5 mm longFootnote 1 and shaped like little barrels. While PSB does inflict damage on pine shoots, and especially on certain pine varieties, initial fears that the pest would devastate pine forests and their industry never came true. Businesses that operate under Federal PSB compliance agreements, of which there are about 100, are the establishments most likely to be shipping regulated articles interstate. The analysis looked at timber losses and estimated compliance costs that Christmas tree growers incur in quarantined areas. APPEARANCE. should verify the contents of the documents against a final, official Both eggs and larvae are found inside galleries under the bark of weakened trees or stumps. Larvae are legless, white grubs, up to 1⁄5 inch (5 mm) long, with brown heads. Projected well into the future, the cost of regulation outweighs any avoided negative losses. Moreover, Federal regulatory requirements for PSB have largely consisted of certification, inspection, and permitting. on NARA's archives.gov. The treatment for pine beetles works best when applied proactively before an infestation is detected. French Common name: Grand hylésine des pins Scientific name: Tomicus piniperda (L.) Order: Coleoptera Family: Curculionidae The pine shoot beetle (Tomicus piniperda L.; PSB) is native to Europe, North Africa and Asia.It is believed that it was first introduced to North America on ships transporting lumber from Europe, and was first detected in 1992 in the state of Ohio. Mechanical control is considered one of the most effective control methods for the PSB. One commenter questioned especially the impact on the Christmas tree industry from possible increased cosmetic damage on certain species of pine. Shoots often need to be opened up in order to find the beetles. Prolonging this cost to largely small producers a few more years is neither justifiable, nor defensible. Baited traps containing host odours, especially alpha-pinene, attract large numbers of pine shoot beetles, and these are excellent for monitoring purposes but give little hope for beetle control. Pine logs must be used as trap or sentinel logs. This document is EENY-321 (originally published as DPI Entomology Circular 354), one … 801 et seq. The President of the United States communicates information on holidays, commemorations, special observances, trade, and policy through Proclamations. 3. provide legal notice to the public or judicial notice to the courts. documents in the last year, by the Energy Department SUBCHAPTER 9. A majority of the 10 commenters wanted continued regulation to prevent PSB from inflicting pine tree losses on “natural” and wild forests, as well as private lands. 804(2). Trees only need to be chemically treated if the pine shoot beetle is found on the farm or within 1 km. Their head and chest are shiny black and their wing covers are reddish-brown to black. We are making no changes in response to these comments. The President of the United States issues other types of documents, including but not limited to; memoranda, notices, determinations, letters, messages, and orders. Cut stumps less than 4 inches (10 cm) from the ground when harvesting trees or in the spring before the new generation completes development. Our February 2015 analysis found that costs to producers in complying with quarantines, paperwork, and recordkeeping to manage agreements, data collection, and review for reporting all outweigh any benefits. Bark beetles are a serious problem that can cause pine trees to drop their needles, decline and eventually die. documents in the last year, 993 Baited traps containing host odours, especially alpha-pinene, attract large numbers of pine shoot beetles, and these are excellent for monitoring purposes but give little hope for beetle control. For affected entities that do not operate under compliance agreement, the costs of inspection are incurred by APHIS, unless they occur outside of normal working hours. 12/23/2020, 304 Effective on November 4, 2020, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency has made the determination to deregulate the Pine Shoot Beetle. There are no restrictions on movement of materials related to pine shoot beetle within Minnesota, but there are restrictions on the movement of materials (for instance, Christmas trees) to non-quarantined states. Based on an initial finding of potentially high economic losses in 1992, the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) implemented a program to regulate at-risk pine commodities, including logs with bark, Christmas trees, and nursery stock in known infested areas. It will also allow Federal resources spent on this program to be allocated elsewhere, and it will remove PSB-related interstate movement and importation restrictions on PSB-regulated articles. Learn more here. The wing covers, as in very many beetles, are marked with rows of bumps crowned with hairs. Accordingly, in a proposed rule [1] They were from private citizens and one State forestry. The remaining four commenters urged caution in deregulation, raising concerns similar to those opposed. Regulatory Status: Regulated. Register, and does not replace the official print version or the official Given the little PSB damage observed and the amount of resources allocated to manage the minimal risks associated with PSB, we determined it appropriate to deregulate PSB. 1421 note). on A predatory beetle, Thanasimus formicarius Linnaeus, can eat several pine shoot beetles daily. The adult beetle attacks new growth by boring into the stem tip and moving up the shoot. We have determined that removing the PSB quarantine will provide flexibility to the States as they and the pine community manage PSB in all regions. There apparently is no practical chemical control for this pest. 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