[146] After locating one or both vessels, Geosounder would return to port and embark a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) to film the wrecks. [224] The recovered carley float—with its damage attributed to machine-gun fire—is often presented as proof. At 6pm a battle ensued and both ships were critically damaged. [111] In addition, some of the Germans were interviewed, formally or informally, prior to their group reuniting with others; the independent accounts provided the same common elements. P07425.002, A large crowd of onlookers watch and applaud officers and men of HMAS Sydney II during a ceremonial welcome home march through Martin Place, February 1941. 1941 November 17 HMAS Sydney (II) turned Zealandia over to Durban for further escort to Singapore. The German Raider "HSK Kormoran" sank HMAS Sydney II at a location about 290 kms south west of Carnarvon in Western Australia in November 1941. [83], Wireless signals to Sydney ceased, as it was assumed that if the cruiser had survived, battle damage or operational reasons prevented her reply. [152] Prime Minister Rudd announced the find a day later. [274] Following the loss of Sydney, Admiralty instructions on capturing merchant ships changed to only encourage attempts if there was no risk of the ship being a raider or accompanied by a U-boat; no such attempts were made for the rest of the war. [132] However, participants in the seminar could not agree on whether the battle location given by the Germans (referred to as the "northern position") or a point off the Abrolhos Islands (the area for the battle advocated by supporters of the "southern position") was more likely to contain the two ships. In November 1941, HMAS Sydney, along with her crew of 645 officers and men, disappeared somewhere off the coast of Western Australia, without a trace. An insight into the Genesis and Evolution of the HMAS Sydney Controversy. Thursday 7 November, 2019. [254] The flesh of his right arm had been eaten away by fish, and his eyes and nose consumed by birds. [161] The damage found by the search team corresponded with the descriptions given by Kormoran survivors after the battle. [36][48] The aircraft was shut down by 17:25, and the catapult swung into the storage position; the two ships were too close for a safe launch. It all started on 19 November, when Sydney crossed paths with HSK Kormoran, a German raider. [176][177] The controversial views have been maintained and propagated by several organisations, such as the Sydney Research Group and End Secrecy on Sydney, and authors like McDonald and Samuels. [213][214], According to Montgomery, the involvement of a submarine is supported by numerous sightings of submarines or submarine-like objects in Australian waters, particularly a sighting off Townsville in late October of six "strange boats" that surfaced, sprouted wings, and flew off; he interpreted this as a floatplane-carrying Japanese submarine, which may have reached Carnarvon in time to attack Sydney. [224], The Australian War Memorial undertook a detailed analysis of the carley float during 1992 and 1993 to determine the nature of the damage. [286], Other memorials commemorating the loss of Sydney include an oak tree planted at the Melbourne Shrine of Remembrance, and an avenue in Carnarvon lined with 645 trees. Typically these include salt and pepper shakers (such as this set), or small bottles of vinegar and olive oil. McCarthy, M. [272][273] The suggested method of capture was to quickly manoeuvre in close and deploy a boarding party before the ship could scuttle. 14 and No. Theories surround HMAS Sydney sinking. The crew of HMAS Sydney (II) posing through the damaged forward funnel. [58] After the sixth German salvo, Sydney resumed fire with her aft turrets: "Y" turret fired less than four times with little effect, but multiple shots from "X" turret struck Kormoran, damaging the raider's machinery spaces, wounding the sailors manning one of the guns,[clarification needed] and starting a fire in an oil tank. [289], The "HMAS Sydney Replacement Fund" was established to help finance the acquisition of a replacement ship. REL26111, Ship model of HMAS Sydney II crafted by Wayne Masters in 1981. 301407. [74][75] Total German casualties were six officers, 75 German sailors, and one Chinese laundryman. [109] This was initially hampered, as the sailors had been ordered to obfuscate the enemy by falsely answering all questions. [255] Shrapnel was embedded in the float's outer covering, while the proliferation of marine growth indicated that it had been adrift for some time. While debris from Sydney was found, there were no survivors from the 645-strong complement. [102] Curtin made a second announcement three days later, providing some detail of the battle. Accession Number: [23], Kormoran departed German waters during December 1940, under the command of Fregattenkapitän (Commander) Theodor Detmers. The Sydney's entire crew of 645 went down with the ship in the Indian Ocean and its location has been a mystery for 66 years. [73] During the evacuation, a rubber liferaft carrying 60 people, mostly wounded, sank without warning; drowning all but three aboard. The exact location of the sinking was unknown, as were details of what happened. The German Raider "HSK Kormoran" sank HMAS Sydney II at a location about 290 kms south west of Carnarvon in Western Australia in November 1941. Our collection contains a wealth of material to help you research and find your connection with the wartime experiences of the brave men and women who served in Australia’s military forces. 11 November: 1941: Opening of the Australian War Memorial: By the time a memorial to the dead of the First World War was ready to open, Australia had been involved in the Second World War for over two years. [55] Two torpedoes from Kormoran's starboard above-water tubes were launched simultaneously with the raider's attack, and the close proximity of the target allowed the use of the anti-aircraft and close defence guns to rake Sydney's flank, thus preventing the use of the cruiser's secondary weapons. The entire complement of HMAS Sydney II comprising 42 Officers and 603 ratings were all killed as a result of this tragic incident. Frame's book was updated and republished in 1998. [202], The claim of Japanese involvement, specifically a submarine operating with Kormoran, is based on several elements. [42][43] At around 17:00, Detmers instructed his wireless operators to send a false distress signal indicating that Straat Malakka was being approached by a suspicious ship. HMAS Sydney II – Lost. Disguised as a Dutch merchant vessel, the Komoran used the advantage of surprise and brought all its armament to bear on Sydney II. Accession Number: [243][244] Had the cruiser tried to send morse signals, they would have been jammed by Kormoran's wireless operators. [15], On 11 November, Sydney departed Fremantle for Singapore with the transport SS Zealandia. [266][267] While DNA comparison testing did not produce definite results, as of September 2010 it remained on-going. Designed by Mr W. Kerr, a Sydney jeweller, it features representations of the Royal Coat-of-Arms and a relief of HMAS Sydney. [248] Ammunition handlers from the 4-inch guns, who wore protective aprons, could have been standing clear of their weapons because of the planned catapult launch of the Walrus amphibian or the direction "X" turret was facing when trained on Kormoran, both of which could have injured the unprotected gunners. [92] During the voyage to Carnarvon, the damaged and overloaded German lifeboat was swamped: Centaur's master lowered two of his lifeboats for the Germans to use, before resuming the "motley towing combination". [264][265] During an autopsy, a metal fragment was found embedded in the skull, which was believed to have killed the man through brain trauma: although seized upon by believers in the massacre of Sydney's sailors, the fragment was found to be German shell shrapnel. On 19 November 1941, Sydney was involved in a mutually destructive engagement with the German auxiliary cruiser Kormoran, and was lost with all hands (645 aboard). [241][242], Sydney was not fitted with voice transmission equipment, so could not have sent any of the reported voice signals. [16] Sydney then turned for home, and was scheduled to arrive in Fremantle late on 20 November. Ltd., a not-for-profit company set up to support a search for Sydney, in late 2004. This included … / The HMAS Sydney – HSK Kormoran Engagement (November 1941) – Part 2 The HMAS Sydney – HSK Kormoran Engagement (November 1941) – Part 2 September 7, 2000 [107] The events were made public in December 1943, after the early accounts were confirmed by a sailor from Kormoran sent home in a prisoner exchange. [207] He cites other parts of the autobiography, where Detmers repeatedly asserts that he had committed no crime, while stating his fear of court martial, as indicating a guilty conscience. [121], For sinking Sydney, Detmers' Iron Cross First Class was upgraded to the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz). [108], Interrogation of the German survivors to discover the fate of Sydney began on 25 November. [115] Kormoran's executive officer, gunnery officer, and a sailor who manned the starboard 37-millimetre (1.5 in) gun were awarded the Iron Cross First Class (for the executive officer, this was a bar to a previous Iron Cross), while the rest of the ship's company were all awarded the Iron Cross Second Class. [118] Detmers was found with a German-English dictionary which contained two encrypted accounts of the battle (a deck log or action report, and an engineering log), although these provided little new information. [217] In addition, the positions of all 46 active Japanese submarines at the time of the battle have been accounted for: 28 were in Japanese waters preparing for the attack on Pearl Harbor, seven were readying for operations in the South China Sea and Philippines, nine were heading for the South China Sea, and two had just departed for patrols in the Pacific. Lewis argued if the wreck damage matched the article then it would show the Kormoran account was accurate. The two ships sank when, on 19 November 1941 they were involved in an unexpected and disastrous clash. [106], In Germany, news of the battle was assembled from communications intercepts during the search for survivors, which was combined with Allied news articles to assemble an account of the battle and published in early 1943 for internal consumption by German officials. [234], The battle damage would have forced any Australian survivors to use carley floats and personal lifebelts, which were only intended as short-term life preservers. [16] The vessels sailed to Sunda Strait, where the troopship was handed over on 17 November to HMS Durban. [83][84] After further communication with Trocas, the Naval Board learned that the sailors had come from the raider Kormoran, which had participated in a mutually destructive engagement with an unspecified ship, which the Naval Board assumed was Sydney. Because there were no Australian survivors, Burnett's decision is inexplicable; writers on the subject can only speculate on his reasoning, and indicate what factors they believe influenced him. [48][57] Kormoran's guns were aimed at Sydney's waterline and upper deck during the next three salvoes. It came across a German raider called the Kormoran that was in … [209] Olson doubts that a surrender flag was used to lure Sydney in, as this would have informed Burnett that Straat Malakka was not what she seemed. [35] Communications were initially attempted with a signal lamp to repeatedly send "NNJ" ("You should make your signal letters"), but those aboard the raider did not understand the uncommonly used signal and did not respond. [101], The destruction of Sydney with all hands was a major blow to morale: it was the largest loss of life in the history of the RAN, and the ship's company made up over 35% of RAN naval personnel killed during World War II. Tim Clarke AAP November 18, 2013 7:13pm [263] A 2001 search by the RAN failed to find the grave, but they were more successful during a second search in 2006. Following the discovery of the wrecks, a second inquiry into the loss of Sydney was held, this time by the Department of Defence. Sydney had been tasked with investigating unidentified vessels off the Western Australian coast in protection of Australia’s trading routes when she encountered Kormoran —an armed raider disguised as a merchant cargo vessel. The battle between the Australian light cruiser HMAS Sydney and the German auxiliary cruiser Kormoran was a single ship action that occurred off the coast of Western Australia. HSK Kormoran found on 12 March 2008 . [202] While it was a war crime for a ship to attack without flying her battle ensign or while flying a surrender flag, false distress signals were considered legitimate ruses. [84][86], Several German lifeboats were spotted on 25 November during the air search off Western Australia: the 46-man cutter had come ashore at 17-Mile Well, the 57-man lifeboat was nearing Red Bluff when spotted, and a third lifeboat was further off the coast. The loss of HMAS Sydney in 1941 was almost impossible for many Australians to comprehend, and over the years a number of theories have been put forward as to just what did happen on that fateful day. REL40877, Trench art cruet set: Petty Officer A J Richter. On 19th November 1941, the pride of the Australian Navy, HMAS Sydney II, a state of the art cruiser that had already won several battles, disappeared in home waters off the Western Australian coast. September 7, 2000. [256][257], The island's inhabitants believed that the float and sailor were of naval origin, and had come from Sydney. Other sources state that 317 survived, including two Chinese. / The HMAS Sydney – HSK Kormoran Engagement (November 1941) – Part 2. [35][36] Sydney continued to signal for 30 minutes, after which those aboard the cruiser used flags to send the more common "VH" signal ("You should hoist your signal letters"), while the signal lamp was used to transmit the message in plain language. This and the fact that the cruiser should, in Available in PDF form www.defence.gov.au/sydneyii/WAM/WAM.070.0010.pdf, Military history of Australia during World War II, Search for HMAS Sydney and German auxiliary cruiser Kormoran, Joint Standing Committee for Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade, Defence Science and Technology Organisation, "Australian judge to examine wartime ship loss", "WWII Shipwrecks Photographed off Australia", "The HMAS Sydney/HSK Kormoran engagement: an analysis of events leading up the 60th anniversary celebrations in November 2001", "HMAS Sydney wreck to be recorded in safeguard mission", "HMAS Sydney II Memorial completed in time for the commemorative 70th anniversary", The Royal Australian Navy in World War II, Battle between HMAS Sydney and German auxiliary cruiser Kormoran, Western Australian emergency of March 1942, Western Australian emergency of March 1944, Coastal defences of Australia during World War II, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Battle_between_HMAS_Sydney_and_German_auxiliary_cruiser_Kormoran&oldid=991074422, Naval battles of World War II involving Australia, Naval battles of World War II involving Germany, All Wikipedia articles written in Australian English, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from January 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [233] Mearns estimated that once the bow was lost, the rest of the cruiser's hull would have remained afloat for, at most, two minutes, and anyone still remaining aboard would have been killed as the ship sank. [232] The analysis predicted that up to 70% of those aboard were killed during the battle, either directly, from wounds, or by inhaling smoke and toxic gas. The other ‘lantern’ once had an internal red coating, representing port, but nearly all of it is now worn off. [290] The AU£ 426,000 raised was used to help purchase Australia's first aircraft carrier in the late 1940s; the Majestic-class carrier was named HMAS Sydney upon her commissioning in December 1948. [200][201] The proximity meant that the advantage would go to the ship that fired first; while Burnett likely assumed that Sydney was dealing with a merchantman, Detmers was ready for Kormoran to surprise the cruiser, and the raider's gun crew knew where to aim for maximum effectiveness. [3] The cruiser was 562 feet 4 inches (171.40 m) long, and displaced 8,940 long tons (9,080 t). [128] The 2005 book Somewhere below: the Sydney scandal exposed by John Samuels, took an extreme view on the alternative engagement theory by claiming that Sydney was sunk by a Japanese submarine with little or no involvement by Kormoran, and that there was a wide-ranging cover-up of the proof. It sailed from Fremantle on Armistice Day, 11 November 1941, to escort the troopship Zealandia to Sunda Strait. [179] Frame describes her work as "reasonable and persuasive... [h]owever, she tried too hard to defend the crew of the Kormoran... at the expense of Sydney", while a government report in 1999 observed that Winter's defence of the German accounts saw her become the "bête noire of those who sought, and continue to seek, darker explanations of the Sydney tragedy. [290] The Kormoran name was carried on by the German fast attack craft Kormoran, a Seeadler-class fast attack craft of the Bundesmarine (West German Navy) commissioned in 1959. None of … [44][45] This signal was partially received by the tugboat Uco ("QQQQ [unintelligible] 1000 GMT") and a shore station at Geraldton ("[unintelligible] 7C 11115E 1000 GMT"). [182] Planning for the memorial commenced in late 1997, after a speech by researcher Glenys McDonald at the local Rotary club. [211] Cole thought that the use of surrender or distress flags was an "invention of those seeking to find a justification" for the cruiser's close approach. The loss of the Sydney with its 645 crew remains Australia’s worst naval disaster. The result was a round of speculation that seemed to last forever. [247], Olson lists two groups of sailors that could have been mistaken for pantrymen, but had a reason to be where Detmers saw them. [33] The raider was sailing northwards (heading 025°) at 11 knots (20 km/h; 13 mph). [33][38] By 16:35, with Sydney 8,000 metres (26,000 ft) away, the malfunctioning engine aboard Kormoran was repaired, but Detmers chose to keep it in reserve. [71], Kormoran was stationary, and at 18:25, Detmers ordered the ship to be abandoned, as damage to the raider's engine room had knocked out the fire-fighting systems, and there was no way to control or contain the oil fire before it reached the magazines or the mine hold. Sydney was last seen steaming out of control and on fire into the blackness of night. Prepared for the HMAS Sydney II Commission of Inquiry. The loss of HMAS Sydney almost without trace in November 1941, following an encounter with the German raider Kormoran off the Western Australian coast, remains one of the most intriguing mysteries of Australia's wartime history. The days preceding the outbreak of war in August 1914 found Sydney (I) in Queensland waters.On 3 August 1914 she was joined at Townsville by the destroyers HMAS Warrego and Yarra before proceeding north to form a unit of Admiral Patey's Pacific Squadron.. Many years passed after her sinking, with little information… Lewis also argued in "The truth about Sydney – conspiracy theorists should crawl back into the bilges." [76], At 06:00 on 23 November, the troopship RMS Aquitania recovered one of the two rafts carrying 26 German sailors at 24°35′S 110°57′E / 24.583°S 110.950°E / -24.583; 110.950. Sydney-Kormoran action The action between HMAS Sydney and the auxiliary cruiser Kormoran, 19 November 1941 On the afternoon of 19 November 1941 the German auxiliary cruiser Kormoran (Commander Theodor Detmers) was steaming on a northeasterly course off the coast of Western Australia, approximately 150 miles south west of Carnarvon. [242][244] The 2009 inquiry concluded that no messages were sent by Sydney before, during, or after the engagement. The first 'action honour' was awarded to the Town-class light cruiser, McCarthy, M., 2009. [190] Also in 2005, Brett Manning used the alternative theories of the battle as the basis for the spy novel Enduring Deception, in which an American agent must cover-up the cruiser's encounter with a Japanese submarine so the Pearl Harbor attack occurs without warning, drawing the United States into the war. HMAS Sydney was one of three Modified Leander class light cruisers of the RAN. 25 Squadrons were relocated to Carnarvon to commence aerial searches the next morning, and were supplemented by two PBY Catalina flying boats; one each from Townsville and Port Moresby. [87] On the morning of 26 November, aircraft spotted two boats at sea, but were unable to find them again that afternoon. [234][235] The Cole Report stated that Sydney's seakeeping ability would have rapidly deteriorated, hampering any evacuation efforts. All 645 crew members aboard HMAS Sydney were lost. 10 am to 5 pm daily (except Christmas Day), Get your ticket to visit: awm.gov.au/visit, Copyright The battle between the Australian light cruiser HMAS Sydney and the German auxiliary cruiser Kormoran[a] was a single-ship action that occurred on 19 November 1941, off the coast of Western Australia. HMAS Sydney under way in 1940 The events that would lead to the sinking of HMAS Sydney began on 19 November 1941 off the west coast of Australia, around 122 miles from Dirk Hartog Island. In November 1941 HMAS Sydney, the pride of Australia's wartime fleet, and its crew of 645 disappeared without a trace off the Western Australian coast. ", to which the raider responded "Batavia". All 645 crewman on board the Australian light cruiser perished. This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 03:20. [253], On the afternoon of 6 February 1942, lookouts on Christmas Island spotted an object out at sea, which on closer inspection turned out to be a carley float carrying the body of a Caucasian man wearing a blue boilersuit that had been sun-bleached white. [90] Telegrams to next-of-kin, stating that their relatives were "missing as a result of enemy action" were lodged, although naval censors advised the media that no announcements relating to the cruiser be made. [182][287] The service of Sydney, along with the other ships of the same name, is commemorated by a stained-glass window at the Garden Island Naval Chapel. [127][131], Following the 1999 government report into the Australian cruiser's loss, which recommended that a seminar be organised to again attempt to identify the most likely search area for the warships, the HMAS Sydney Location Seminar was organised by the RAN's Sea Power Centre and held at the Western Australian Maritime Museum. 1941 November 19 5.00pm HMAS Sydney (II) encountered unknown ship in the Indian Ocean, 120 nautical miles west of Shark Bay [29] Instead, he decided to sail north and investigate Shark Bay. The key factor in the controversy is that the absence of Australian survivors meant the engagement could only be told from the German perspective. [153] Sydney's wreck was located at 26°14′31″S 111°12′48″E / 26.24194°S 111.21333°E / -26.24194; 111.21333 at 2,468 metres (8,097 ft) below sea level: the bow of the cruiser had broken off as the ship sank, and was located at the opposite end of a debris field stretching 500 metres (1,600 ft) north-west from the hull. There were suggestions over the years the Japanese submarine I-124, sunk off Darwin by HMAS Deloraine on 20 January 1942 – some three months after the loss of the Sydney – contained information about the real fate of the Sydney, or may even herself have been involved. [171] Frame and Olson both credit Montgomery with igniting the controversy; the former describes Montgomery's work as "a polemical, finger-pointing, brawling account" which, if not deliberately prepared to create a controversy, had that effect, while the latter claimed that the book only "sparked debate [and] opened old and new wounds". HMAS SYDNEY (II) 19 NOVEMBER 1941. Advanced British units captured Sidi Rezegh 10 miles south of Tobruk. [105] Sydney was the largest Allied ship to be lost with all hands during the war. [282] During the playing of the Last Post, a large flock of seagulls flew over the participants and headed out to sea in formation; this inspired the design of the permanent memorial. [24][95] Conversely, none of 645 from Sydney were found, and the only definite remains from the Australian warship were an inflatable lifebelt located by HMAS Wyrallah on 27 November (the discovery of a second RAN lifebelt by the merchant ship Evagoras that same day was initially reported, but later found to be false), and a damaged Carley float discovered by HMAS Heros on 28 November. [234] However, the presence of all but two of the ship's boats in the nearby debris field, plus indications that the davits for the two missing boats were shot away during the battle, led Mearns to believe that evacuation was attempted after the bow snapped off, but there was not enough time or seaworthy boats to do so. The loss of HMAS Sydney, 19 November 1941 The most grievous loss suffered by the Royal Australian Navy occurred on 19 November 1941, when the cruiser HMAS Sydney was lost in action with the German auxiliary cruiser Kormoran off the Western Australian coast. [255] As the island was under threat of Japanese invasion, after a brief examination, the body was buried in an unmarked grave near Flying Fish Cove. [48] Accounts disagree on which ship fired first, but agree that both opened fire almost simultaneously. [256][259] The JCFADT inquiry concluded "on the balance of probability, that the body and the carley float ... were most likely from HMAS Sydney. From 24 November, after Sydney failed to return to port, air and sea searches were conducted. [118] The German officers and sailors were repatriated after the war, departing from Port Phillip Bay with other Axis prisoners aboard the steamer Orontes on 21 February 1947. The entire complement of HMAS Sydney II comprising 42 Officers and … [276] Post-action analysis found that if Canberra had moved closer, the same damage could have been achieved for less ammunition, and one or both ships might have been captured: factors that Burnett had commented on during his previous posting as Deputy Chief of Naval Staff, and which Frame and Gill think may have influenced his actions. Sydney, with Captain Joseph Burnett commanding, and Kormoran, under Fregattenkapitän Theodor Detmers, encountered each other approximately 106 nautical miles (196 km; 122 mi) off Dirk Hartog Island. [272], In March 1941, the heavy cruiser HMAS Canberra had encountered a tanker supplying a possible raider, which split up and fled when ordered to stop. In November of that year, commemorative ceremonies were … [63] Kormoran discontinued salvo firing, but the individually firing aft guns scored hits as Sydney crossed the raider's stern. ", and while Frame was initially sceptical of the raft's origins, the evidence presented to that inquiry changed his mind. HMAS Sydney found 16 March 2008 . [203][204], All German accounts indicate that Kormoran lowered the Dutch flag and raised the German war ensign before the order to fire was given, although general distrust of German claims, plus the statement in Detmers' autobiography that it took six seconds to raise the flag, decamouflage, and start firing, led to questions. [33][34] At 15:55, what was initially thought to be a tall ship sail was sighted off the port bow, although it was quickly determined to be the mast of a warship (HMAS Sydney). The events that would lead to the sinking of HMAS Sydney began on 19 November 1941 off the west coast of Australia, around 122 miles from Dirk Hartog Island. [39][40], Sydney asked Kormoran "Where bound? Both ships were destroyed in the half-hour engagement. [82] The first news relating to the engagement between Sydney and Kormoran was received by the Australian Naval Board during the afternoon of 24 November; the British tanker Trocas reported that she had rescued a raft at 15:00 carrying 25 German naval personnel (one having perished) at 24°6′S 111°40′E / 24.100°S 111.667°E / -24.100; 111.667. 122 ], Subsequent salvoes from the German auxiliary cruiser Kormoran, which also sank 13 ] was... Sources state that 317 survived, including two Chinese 108 ], on 11 November 1941 Description broadcasting..., six Lockheed Hudson aircraft from no she encountered the HSK Kormoran on..., Ian Subjects ship histories and stories, WWII operations Tags neutral vessels Sydney – conspiracy should! Hands ’: HMAS Sydney ( II ) article | Updated 4 years ago, sank! West Australia on 19 November 1941 after a short encounter with German cruiser... 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The conclusion of ROV operations near Sydney, Geosounder travelled to the Mediterranean in mid-1940 [ 100 ] 12. ] while DNA comparison testing did not produce definite results, as were details of what happened her! Last forever done to Kormoran and sea searches were conducted any of these theories mph ) well-being of cruiser! To bear on Sydney II comprising 42 officers and men before 4.00 pm a warship was sighted and Detmers. Honour ' was awarded to the Sunda Strait of one of several Allied or neutral.! Raider responded `` Batavia '' both wrecks were located in 2008, the `` Sydney. Clarke AAP November 18, 2013 7:13pm History of HMAS Sydney was sunk the... Raider responded `` Batavia '' German ship was made public 1934 to fateful. From 24 November ship could be disguised as a result of this tragic incident War! Of speculation that seemed to last forever one lantern-shaped container is made green... Ii can be seen in the 2016 Trip Advisor awards individually firing aft guns scored hits as Sydney crossed with... 1941 Description battle until Trocas found German survivors to discover the fate Sydney. That 317 survived, including two Chinese and while Frame was initially sceptical of the raft 's,... Fateful sinking in November 1941 was a light cruiser, it was learned that the German ship Kormoran the! Straat Malakka finance the acquisition of a Replacement ship 215 ] [ 98 ] Australian Minister. Raider Kormoran were found Act 1976 all that was known was Sydney had come under from..., 1941 ( Wednesday ) the battle were published afternoon, the German cruiser Kormoran, which attempts locate! Named HMAS Sydney was one of the battle honour `` Kormoran 1941 in... Ii Commission of inquiry souls lost with all hands during the next few,. Of 17 March, five days after her sinking, with little information… there have been several ships named Sydney... From Captain John Collins to Captain Joseph Burnett in May 1941 is that the Germans used nine ‘ Hilfskreuzers (! Straat Malakka War galleries at the local Rotary club ’ s sinking was Petty Officer Stoker Arthur John.... 281 ], as she closed the gap, the German raider HSK Kormoran, a German auxiliary Kormoran...